Today is the 118th birthday of Albert Szent Gyorgyi. Google honors him with a delicious mouth-watering fruit-doodle. Szent-Gyorgyi was not the owner of an orange-farm but a Hungarian physiologist who won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1937. He is credited with discovering vitamin C and the components and reactions of the citric acid cycle. This is why the doodle shows fruits especcially citrus-fruits like oranges: There is a lot of vitamin C in it :-)
As allways when Google shows a worldwide doodle I made a video with it for documantation. Here it is:
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“In 1937, he received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine “For his discoveries in connection with the biological combustion process with special reference to vitamin C and the catalysis of fumaric acid”. In 1938, he began work on the biophysics of muscle movement. He found that muscles contain actin, which when combined with the protein myosin and the energy source ATP, contract muscle fibers.
In 1947, Szent-Györgyi established the Institute for Muscle Research at the Marine Biological Laboratory in Woods Hole, Massachusetts with financial support from Hungarian businessman Stephen Rath. However, Szent-Györgyi still faced funding difficulties for several years, due to his foreign status and former association with the government of a Communist nation. In 1948, he received a research position with the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in Bethesda, Maryland and began dividing his time between there and Woods Hole. In 1950, grants from the Armour Meat Company and the American Heart Association allowed him to establish the Institute for Muscle Research.” Source: Wikipedia.
If you like to understand what Szent-Gyorgyi dicovered take a look on this:
Thumbs up if you could explain it :-) I would say it was the right descision to give him the Nobel-prize ;-)
Albert Szent Gyorgyi died in 1986. He becomes 93 years old.
Happy birthday, Albert Szent Gyorgyi.